"The shore, with its difficult and changing conditions, has been a testing grounds in which the precise and perfect adaptation to environment is an indespensible condition of survival."



-Rachel Carson, The Edge of the Sea

About our Lab

We are interested in the physiological acclimations and evolutionary adaptations of marine invertebrates to changing environmental conditions, whether they be natural or anthropogenically induced. Our approach is inherently integrative and comparative - we ask questions about the effects of environmental stress at the cellular, tissue, and whole-organism levels, often across a number of species. In particular, our efforts are focused on the consequences of low dissolved oxygen (hypoxia) and elevated carbon dioxide (hypercapnia) on muscle physiology, metabolism, and immune function. The following is a list of recent and ongoing research projects from our lab:



★ The effects of oxygen and diffusion limitation on energetics and structural organization in giant muscle fibers of crustaceans (crabs, barnacles).

★ Gradients in metabolic performance across the intertidal zone: a comparative analysis of  mussels and barnacles.

★ The effects of 4-nonylphenol on immunocompetence and disease susceptibility in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas.


★ The interactive effects of hypoxia and bacterial infection on protein synthesis in the Pacific whiteleg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei.